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谢世伟(BGEG国家重点实验室).Environ.Sci.Technol., 2017. Iron-Anode Enhanced Sand Filter for Arsenic Removal from Tube Well Water

第一作者:谢世伟(BGEG国家重点实验室

通讯作者:袁松虎(BGEG国家重点实验室

Shiwei Xie, Songhu Yuan* , Peng Liao, Man Tong†‡, Yiqun Gan†‡, and Yanxin Wang†‡

State Key Laboratory of Biogeology and Environmental Geology, China University of Geosciences, 388 Lumo Road, Wuhan 430074, P. R. China

School of Environmental Studies, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, Hubei 430074, P. R. China

Environ. Sci. Technol., 2017, 51 (2), pp 889–896

DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b04387

Abstract

Abstract Image

Sand filters are widely used for well water purification in endemic arsenicosis areas, but arsenic (As) removal is difficult at low intrinsic iron concentrations. This work developed an enhanced sand filter by electrochemically generated Fe(II) from an iron anode. The efficiency of As removal was tested in an arsenic burdened region in the Jianghan Plain, central China. By controlling a current of 0.6 A and a flow rate of about 12 L/h, the filter removed total As in the tube well water from 196 to 472 μg/L to below 10 μg/L, whereas the residual As was about 110 μg/L without electricity. Adsorption and subsequent oxidation on the surface of Fe(III) precipitates are the main processes controlling the removals of As and Fe. During a 30-day intermittent operation, both effluent As concentration and electrical energy consumption decreased progressively. Although filter clogging was observed, it can be alleviated by replacing the top layer of sand. Our findings suggest that dosing Fe(II) by an iron anode is an effective means to enhance As removal in a sand filter. 全文链接